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#1 Live Trading on Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd #1 Live Trading on Godrej Industries Limited #3 Live Trading Session 1-2-3 Strategy 1-2-3-4 Reversal Trading Strategy 10 CHART PATTERNS FOR PRICE ACTION TRADING 10 Habits of successful traders 10 Performing Candlesticks 10 PRICE ACTION BAR PATTERNS YOU MUST KNOW 10 PRICE ACTION CANDLESTICK PATTERNS YOU MUST KNOW 10 Things You Can Learn From The World’s Best Traders 10 TYPES OF PRICE CHARTS FOR TRADING 123 forex trading strategy 123 Trading Strategy 200 SMA 3 Bar Net Line Strategy 6 Best Price Action Trading Strategies 7 RSI TRADING STRATEGIES 9 Advanced & Profitable Trading Strategy 9 Funny Facial Expressions AB = CD Price Action Strategy Abb India Limited Aditya Birla Nuvo Limited Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd ADVANCED REVERSAL STRATEGY Alice Blue Opening Link Alphabets Amaraja Battries Ambuja Cement Anupam Rasayan India Limited IPO Asian Paint Ltd Aurobindo Pharma Limited Bajaj-Auto Bearish Crossover Bearish Engulfing Bearish Engulfing Candle Bearish Reversal (Red-Red) BEML Ltd Best Stock Market Strategy Bharat Finance Inclusion Blood Rain Pattern bollinger band Bollinger Band Price goes below Mid line Strategy Bollinger Band Price gone above mid line Bollinger Band Strategy Breakout Stock Trading Strategy Bullish Crossover Bullish Engulfing Bullish Gartley Pattern Strategy Bullish Three Bar Reversal Butterfly Spread Cadila Healthcare Limited Calendar Spread Camarilla Equition canara Bank Candlestick Charts Candlestick Patterns Candlestick Patterns Strategy Cesc Limited Chart Patterns Cipla Closing Above Previous High for 3 Days Closing Below Previous Low For 3 Days coal India Cup & Handle Pattern Daily Life of a Trader dark cloud cover Day Trading Breakout Day Trading Setups Day Trading Setups – 6 Classic Formations Day Trading Strategy DBLHC Descending Triangle Divergence Price Action Strategy DIVI'S Laboratories Ltd Doji Candlestick Patterns Dojis Double EMA Dr Reddy Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited Early Morning Range Breakouts – 4 Trading Strategies EMA Equity Market EXHAUSTION BAR Falling Wedges (26th Dec 2017) Federal Bank fibonacci Fibonacci Retracement Fibonacci Retrenchment Strategy Fibonacci swing trading strategy Flag Pattern Strategy Flash Pattern Forex Trading Strategies Fyers Account Gandhi Jayanti Gap Up Gartley Pattern Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Limited godrej Godrej Consumer Products Limited Godrej India Gppl Happy Birthday Happy Chhath Puja Happy Diwali Happy Diwali (2017) Happy Diwali (2018) Happy Dussehra Happy Ganesh Chaturthi Happy Holi Happy Independence Day 2017 Happy Janmashtami Happy Krishna Janmashtami 2017 Happy Muharram 2017 Happy Navratri To All Happy Teacher Day Harmonic Pattern HCL Technology HDFC HDFC Bank Head & Shoulders breakout Head & Shoulders Pattern (6th Oct 2017) Head and Shoulders Pattern Higher high of 3 days Hikkake Pattern Hindustan Petrolium Hindustan Unilever Hindustan Unilever Limited HOW TO DRAW TRENDLINES How To Trade Supply And Demand IndusInd Bank Indusind Bank Ltd Infosys INSIDE BAR Inside Bar - 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#1 Live Trading on Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd
#1 Live Trading on Godrej Industries Limited
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1-2-3 Strategy
1-2-3-4 Reversal Trading Strategy
10 CHART PATTERNS FOR PRICE ACTION TRADING
10 Habits of successful traders
10 Performing Candlesticks
10 PRICE ACTION BAR PATTERNS YOU MUST KNOW
10 PRICE ACTION CANDLESTICK PATTERNS YOU MUST KNOW
10 Things You Can Learn From The World’s Best Traders
10 TYPES OF PRICE CHARTS FOR TRADING
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123 Trading Strategy
200 SMA
3 Bar Net Line Strategy
6 Best Price Action Trading Strategies
7 RSI TRADING STRATEGIES
9 Advanced & Profitable Trading Strategy
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AB = CD Price Action Strategy
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Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd
ADVANCED REVERSAL STRATEGY
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Early Morning Range Breakouts – 4 Trading Strategies
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IPOs LIVE

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Hey there,

It’s IPO week and we have back to back IPOs lined up for you.

To make it simpler here’s a table to help you keep track of the upcoming IPOs, important dates, price bands, lot sizes and more.

Applying for IPOs on Upstox is easy and a simple UPI-based process, just click here to explore.

IPO Name

Issue Opens On

Issue Closes On

Allotment Date

Price Band (Per Equity Share)

Lot Size (Minimum Number Of Shares)

Anupam Rasayan India

12 Mar

16 Mar

22 Mar

₹553-₹555

27

Laxmi Organic Industries

15 Mar

17 Mar

23 Mar

₹129-₹130

115

Craftsman Automation Limited

15 Mar

17 Mar

23 Mar

₹1488-₹1490

10

Kalyan Jewellers

16 Mar

18 Mar

24 Mar

₹86-₹87

172

Nazara Technologies Limited

17 Mar

19 Mar

24 Mar

₹1100-₹1101

13

Suryoday Small Finance Bank Limited

17 Mar

19 Mar

24 Mar

₹303-₹305

49

You can learn how to apply for an IPO by clicking here.

Happy Investing,
Team Stock Alphabets

Friday, 12 March 2021

Anupam Rasayan India Limited IPO

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Dear Investor,

Founded in 1984 in Gujarat, Anupam Rasayan is a manufacturer of specialty chemicals in India and it is launching its IPO between 12th - 16th March 2021.

You can apply for this IPO on the Upstox platform by clicking here -Invest in IPO

Here’s more information on Anupam Rasayan India Limited to make an informed decision:
Anupam Rasayan India Limited is a competitor to companies such as PI Industries and Aarti Industries in segments such as 'crop protection chemicals’ and 'active pharmaceutical ingredients or APIs.

Anupam Rasayan has two distinct business verticals:

  • Life science-related specialty chemicals, which comprise products in the agrochemicals, personal care, and pharmaceuticals segments.
  • Other specialty chemicals, which cover specialty pigments, dyes, and polymer additives.

The company has six manufacturing facilities, with four facilities located at Sachin, Surat, and two located at Jhagadia, Bharuch. In the first nine months of FY21, it manufactured products for over 53 domestic and international customers, including companies such as Sumitomo Chemical and UPL. Exports accounted for 68% of its total revenue.

Price band: ₹553-₹555
Lot size: 27 shares
Cost per lot: ₹14,985
Issue date: 12 - 16 March 2021
Allotment date: 19 March 2021

You can learn how to apply for an IPO by clicking clicking here..

Happy Investing,
Team Stock Alphabets

Thursday, 11 March 2021

Price Action Candlestick Patterns

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 The final set of price action patterns we’re going to to be looking at today are price action candlestick patterns. There are lots of candlestick patterns out there, but I just want to focus on the two which I think are most important for price action traders to understand.

Pin Bar/Hammer Candlestick

The pin bar is a single candle pattern which can be found forming across all currencies and all time-frames in the market. It falls into the category of price action reversal patterns due the fact it’s appearance is supposed to be a signal a reversal is going to occur. Although it must be said that very few pin bars actually cause large reversals to take place in the market, (I’ll explain why in a minute).

Like most price action patterns the pin bar comes in two varieties:

The bullish pin bar, which signals a reversal to the upside may be about to take place, and the bearish pin bar, which is a sign a reversal to the downside is probably going to occur.

image of bullish pin bars on 1hour chart of eur/usd Here’s an image of some bullish pin bars which formed on the 1 hour chart of EUR/USD

You can see that the vast majority of these bullish pins did cause the market to reverse once they had formed, but they didn’t all cause it to reverse for the same duration of time. Some caused large upswings to take place whilst others only created small retracements.

image of bearish pin bars on 1hour chart of eur/usd In this image we can see some bearish pin bars that formed on the 1 hour chart of USD/JPY.

Again, you can see that the pin bars which formed on here also caused reversals of varying sizes to take place. The reason why pin bars cause different sized reversals to occur, is because of the action that caused the pin bar to form in the first place. Pin bars and all the other candlesticks you see forming on your charts, form as a result of traders making decisions in regards to the market price. Pin bars happen to form exclusively from the bank traders either placing trades because they want to make the market reverse, or from taking profits off trades which they’ve already got placed.

The reversal created by the pin bar which has formed as a result of the bank traders taking profits off their trades, is naturally much smaller than the reversal caused by the pin which has formed from the bank traders placing trades to make the market reverse. It’s obvious why this is, I mean if you took some profits off a trade you would want the market to continue moving in the direction to which your trade had been placed so you could make more money from the trade. The bank traders want the same to happen when they cause a pin bar to form from taking profits off their own trades, which is why the reversal caused by some pin bars forming are much smaller than the reversals caused by other pins forming.

Bullish and bearish pin bars are really good reversal patterns to watch out for if you’re a price action trader, but they must be traded in the right way and you must understand why they form in the market. Most of the books and guides out there on pin bars do not teach traders what causes them to form, when it’s knowing what causes them to form that will allow you to determine which pins have a high probability of working out successfully.

If you want to learn more about what causes pin bars to form in the market, go and check out some of the other pin bar articles I have available on the site, or take a look at the Pin Bars Uncovered book found on the cool stuff page, as this is a book dedicated solely to helping traders understand why pin bars form in the market and how to trade them profitably.

The Definite Guide To Trading Pin Bars

Engulfing Candlesticks

The other really important candlestick pattern I think price action traders need to have knowledge on is the engulfing candlestick. Like the pin bar the engulfing candle is a reversal pattern, which means that a reversal is supposed to take place immediately after you see one form in the market. Unlike the pin bar the engulfing candlestick is a two bar reversal pattern, a pattern which requires there to be two candlesticks present in order for it’s formation to be complete.

image of bearish engulfing candlestick Here’s an example of a bearish engulfing candle which caused a reversal to occur on EUR/USD.

The formation of a bearish engulf is always a signal that a reversal to the downside is about to take place. The pattern itself consists of two candlesticks. The bearish engulfing candlestick itself, which I’ve marked with an arrow, and the bullish candlestick that formed an hour before. The bullish candle is first candle required in the bearish engulf setup. This is the candlestick which the market will always engulf with a bearish candle immediately after it’s formation. In order for a bearish engulfing candle to form, a bullish candle must have formed immediately prior. You can’t have a bearish candlestick engulfing another bearish candle, it has t0 be a bullish candle in order for it to be a bearish engulf.

image of bullish engulfing candlestick Here you can see an image of a bullish engulfing setup which caused a reversal on EUR/USD.

Bullish engulfing candlesticks are of course the opposite to bearish engulfing candles, which means their appearance is a sign the market is going to reverse to the upside. Like the bearish engulfing candle they are also a two bar pattern, but instead of the first candle in the pattern being a bullish candlestick, like we see with the bearish engulfing formation, the first candle in a bullish engulfing setup will always engulf a bearish candle. A bullish engulfing candle cannot engulf another bullish candle, it can only engulf bearish candles.

Engulfing candlesticks are best used as signals to enter trades at pre-existing points where you expect the market to reverse, such as support and resistance levels or supply and demand zones. They can be traded on their own without any other confirming factors being present, but in my opinion they don’t tend to work out as well as pin bars do.

Summary

Whilst the patterns I’ve talked about in this article aren’t all the price action patterns that can form in the market, they are the ones which are the most important, and you should really take some time out to study these patterns on your own. It would be a good idea to go back on your charts and look for times when these patterns have appeared in the market and watch to see how they form and how they cause a continuation or reversal to take place. By doing this you’ll be able to not only recognize patterns more easily, but you’ll also find it easier to determine when they are about to cause a reversal or continuation to occur, which will allow you to get trades placed at more profitable prices.

Price Action Continuation Patterns

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So now that we’ve had a look at some of the most important price action reversal patterns, I think it’s time to move on and spend a little bit of time looking at the most important price action continuation patterns you can expect to see form in the market. Price action continuation patterns are basically the opposite of the reversal patterns we have just looked at. Instead of signalling to us a reversal is going to take place, their appearance is a sign the current trend/movement is probably going to continue.

The Rising And Falling Wedge Continuation

Whilst the rising and falling wedges are most often found to be price action reversal patterns, they can also be continuation patterns if they happen to form during downtrends and up-trends respectively.

image of falling wedge continuation pattern Here’s a falling wedge pattern which formed during a retracement that was taking place during an up-swing on EUR/USD.

The reversal formation of the falling wedge will always form at the end of downtrends or down-moves, but the continuation variation will only form during up-trends and up-moves. You can see the wedge forms in the same way as it would if it was signalling a reversal at the end of a downtrend. The swings contract as the pattern progresses until an upside breakout occurs, pushing the market above the swing highs which had formed from the market hitting the sharper downside slope of the pattern.

image of rising wedge continuation pattern Here we have an image of rising wedge pattern which formed during a downmove that occurred on the 1 hour chart of USD/JPY.

In contrast to what we see with the falling wedge pattern, the rising wedge only forms as a continuation pattern during downtrends. If you see one form during an up-trend, it’s not a continuation pattern and is instead the reversal pattern we just looked at in the previous section.

The vast majority of the wedge continuation patterns you’ll see form in the market will form as retracements during up or down moves. Their formation will take place during the whole duration of the retracement, and the breakout seen at the end of each pattern will usually signal an end to not only the patterns formation, but the entire retracement itself.

The Bullish And Bearish Flag Pattern

Bullish and bearish flags (sometimes pronounced bull flag and bear flag) are two more really common price action continuation patterns you’ll see forming in the market. They get their name from the way the structure of the pattern resembles that of flag mounted on top of a pole.

image of bull flag on 1 hour chart of aud/usd In the image above you can see an example of a bullish flag pattern that formed on AUD/USD.

You can see the pattern is basically constructed off of two points. The first point is the sharp bullish move higher which takes place right before retracement begins (this is refereed to as being the pole of the flag) and the second point is the retracement itself. The retracement is the flag part of the pattern and should always terminate before reaching the 50% fibonacci retracement level of the downswing which creates the flag pole. If you see the market retrace beyond the 50% level it’s usually a sign the pattern is changing from a flag into something else.

image of bear flag on 1 hour chart of eur/usd This image shows a bearish flag pattern which formed on the 1 hour chart EUR/USD.

The bearish flag is basically an upside down version of the bullish flag. Both patterns form in the exact same way and they both abide by the same rules regarding their formation i.e if the market moves beyond the 50% level of the flag pole swing the probability of pattern remaining a flag decreases dramatically.

Both bull flags and bear flags form frequently in the market and are often quite a reliable signal the current movement is going to continue. Usually the point where a flag will terminate is the same point as where a supply or demand zone has formed. So if you want to try to get an entry into a flag pattern trade, it’s best to do so around the point where a nearby supply or demand zone has formed, as this is point where the flag is likely to end and cause the prior trend/movement to resume.

The Descending And Descending Triangle Patterns

The last couple of continuation patterns we’re going to have a look at are the ascending triangle and the descending triangle. Triangle patterns are very much like the rising and falling wedge patterns we looked at earlier. They form in the same way and have a similar swing structure to one another. The main difference between the two, is that the two triangle patterns always form with one straight edge that acts as a resistance or support level until the market breaks out of the pattern and continues to move in the direction of the prior trend.

image of ascending triangle pattern Here’s what an ascending triangle pattern looks like on a chart.

The ascending triangle is the bullish variant of the two triangle patterns. It only forms during up-tends or up-swings and is always seen as being a signal the current move is going to continue. The straight edge of the ascending triangle is a support level, and this level stops the market from moving lower during the time the pattern is forming.

image of descending triangle pattenIn this image you can see a descending triangle pattern which formed on the 1 hour chart of AUD/USD.

The descending triangle is the bearish version of the triangle pattern and it’s formation is a sign the current down-move/downtrend is likely going to continue. The only difference it has with the ascending triangle is that it’s straight edge is a resistance level which stops prices from rising higher during the formation of the pattern in the market.

The ascending and descending triangle patterns are good to know but not that great for trading, due to the way a few false breakouts will usually take place before the real breakout occurs and causes the market to move in the direction it was moving in prior to the pattern forming in the market.

A List Of The Most Important Price Action Patterns

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To be a price action trader means having a deep understanding of the various different price action patterns that form in the market. The problem with these patterns, is that because there are so many of them that form in the market, knowing which ones you should take the time out to learn and which you should leave can be quite challenging. To solve this problem, I thought that today I would give you a list of what I believe to be the most important price action patterns you need to learn as a Forex trader.

As some of you reading this will probably already know, there are three basic types of pattern that can form in the market:

  • Price Action Reversal Patterns
  • Price Action Continuation Patterns
  • Price Action Candlestick Pattern

I’ll begin today’s article by first showing you what the most important price action reversal patterns are, followed by which continuation patterns you need to have knowledge on. Finally I’ll show you the two most important price action candlestick patterns you need to watch out for in the market.

I’ve also reformatted this article of important price action patterns into a PDF document, so if you would like to download it and read it at a later date you have the possibility to do so.

Price Action Reversal Patterns

  1. The Head And Shoulders Pattern
  2. The Double Bottom And Double Top Pattern
  3. The Rising And Falling Wedge Pattern

Reversal patterns are probably the most important set of price action patterns you need to really have a deep understanding of, as they can give you early clues about if a movement in the market is coming to an end. The six patterns I’m going to be showing you in this section are all multi-swing shape patterns, which means that each one of the patterns forms from more than one upswing and downswing taking place in the market, and they all look similar to common shapes upon their completion.

The Head And Shoulders Pattern

The first price action reversal pattern we’re going to look at is the head and shoulders pattern. Without doubt one of the most popular and well known price action patterns in the market, the head and shoulders formation is one which all price action traders need to memorize and understand if they want to become good at spotting reversals using price action. As you’ve probably already guessed, the head and shoulders pattern is a reversal pattern which has a swing structure very similar to that of person’s head and shoulders.

image of bearish head and shoulders patternHere’s an image of a bearish head and shoulders pattern which formed on the 1hour chart of EUR/USD.

You can see from the image the structure of the pattern does bear a striking resemblance to somebody standing up with their head straight and their shoulders level with one another. Most head and shoulders patterns are supposed to look like the one you can see in the image above, but a large percentage of them will actually have features which are a little different from one another. For example, you might see a pattern form with one of the shoulders being a little bit higher than the other, or the distance of two shoulders from the head will be smaller or bigger than what you can see in the pattern above.

These small differences do not alter the pattern in any meaningful way. So long as the head is always found in the middle and the two shoulders are found to be either side, it’s a head and shoulder pattern. If the high of the right shoulder is found to be below the swing low of the move up which created the head, then it’s not a head and shoulders pattern and should not be treated as such.

The pattern itself comes in two variations. The one we just looked at in the image above is referred to as being a bearish head and shoulders pattern, which is a signal the market may reverse to the downside, whilst the one seen in the image below is a bullish head and shoulders pattern, but is often refereed to as being an inverse head and shoulders pattern due to the way the pattern is basically an upside down version of the bearish pattern.

image of bullish head and shoulders pattern Here’s what an inverted head and shoulders pattern looks like on a chart.

You can see that all the features of the pattern are the same as the bearish version, only the opposite way around. Instead of the head pointing upwards like it does with the bearish pattern it points down, as do the left and right shoulders. The only real difference between the two patterns is in what needs to happen in order for the pattern to become invalidated. With the bullish head and shoulders pattern if the right shoulder forms below the swing low of the move up which created the head, the pattern is not a head and shoulders and is instead some other formation. The bearish head and shoulders follows the same rule, only the right shoulder cannot form above the swing high of the move down which created the head, if it does it’s not a bearish head and shoulders pattern.

All in all the head and shoulders formation is usually quite a reliable signal the current movement is going to reverse. If you want to learn the best way to trade the head and shoulders pattern and get a more in-depth look at the way it should form on your charts, check out the article I’ve left below.

The Double Bottom And Double Top Patterns

The double bottom and double top formations are another couple of really important reversal patterns you need to be aware of forming in the market. They’re two  patterns which get their name from the way the market will make two downswings with swing lows at similar prices to one another before reversing, (in the case of the double bottom pattern) or two upswings with swing highs forming at similar prices to one another before reversing, in the case of the double top pattern.

image of double bottom pattern forming on usd/jpyThe image above shows an example of a double bottom pattern which formed on the 1hour chart of USD/JPY.

You can see the first part of the pattern forms after the market makes a downswing followed by an up-swing. The swing low that forms at the bottom of the swing higher is one of the two bottoms that forms during the pattern. The next swing low and bottom will always end up forming at a similar point to where this first swing low has formed, and the overall swing structure will usually resemble that of the letter W once the pattern has fully formed.

In this image we are looking at an example of the double top pattern.

The double top is of course the opposite to the double bottom, which means that it’s formation involves two upswings taking place with swing highs forming at similar prices to one another instead of two swing lows. Both patterns become invalidated if the second top or bottom in each respective pattern forms at a price which is far away from the price at which the first top or bottom has formed at. There isn’t any exact guidelines on how far away this should be, but I’d say that if you see two or three large candlesticks close below the first bottom or above the first top, then it’s probably not a double bottom or double top pattern.

Overall the double bottom and double top patterns are two decent reversal formations, although they can be quite difficult patterns to trade effectively, due to the way the swing seen after the second bottom or top has formed can easily turn into a retracement or consolidation soon after you would have entered a trade.

The Rising And Falling Wedge Pattern

The final two price action reversal patterns we’re going to look at, are the rising wedge and the falling wedge. The rising and falling wedges are two patterns which get their name from the way the market sometimes contracts before the end of an up-move or down-move. The contraction of the swings is what creates the wedge and gives the patterns their name.

image of rising wedge patternHere’s an image of a large rising wedge pattern which occurred on the daily chart of EUR/USD.

You can see that at the beginning of the wedge the distance between the market hitting the upper wedge line and lower wedge line is quite large. As the pattern progresses though, the distance between the two lines becomes smaller and smaller until eventually the two lines are really close to one another, almost as if they were about to form the tip on an arrow head.

image of falling wedge pattern In this image we’re looking at an example of a falling wedge pattern.

The falling wedge is the bullish version of the wedge pattern and is always a signal the market may be about to reverse to the upside. It forms in much the same way as the rising wedge pattern, with the only difference being that the swings contract to the downside rather than the upside like they do during the formation of the rising wedge.

In closing, the rising and falling wedges are two patterns which are important for you to be able to recognize 0n a chart, but are not patterns which you should use to look for entries into trades, due to the way many false signals will appear as the swings contract and the pattern nears completion.

Wednesday, 10 March 2021

The Ultimate Guide to Candlestick Charts

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 Stock market traders utilize a wide arsenal of tools to enhance their performance. One of the most essential tools are candlestick stock charts. These enable traders to visually interpret price action to make more informed decisions on trades especially when used in conjunction of other complementary tools and strategies. 

What is a Stock Chart? 

A stock chart is a graphical display of executed trades and various other data to provide a visual representation of the price action on the underlying stock. Charts are used to identify and analyze price support and resistance levels, trends, and historical patterns. There are various types of charts that can be used to interpret the action. Some of the most popular types of charts are bar charts, line charts and candlestick charts. Different traders have their own preferences between which charts to use since they utilize the same data but typically display them differently. 

Candlestick Chart For Day Trading

What are Candlestick Charts? 

Originally created by Japanese rice traders in 18th century Japan, candlestick charts were used to interpret price trends. They were introduced to the Western world by American Steven Nison through a series of books starting in 1991 with, “Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques”. While originally plotted by hand, computer technology enabled them to be created quicker and more efficiently.  

The main appeal of candlestick charts is that they contain far more information than a simple line chart.

Why Most Traders User Candlestick Charts

Throughout the years, the practical nature and efficiency of candlesticks lent to their explosion in popularity. The adoption of candlestick charts by most trading platforms have made them the standard type of stock chart used by traders. Candlestick charts can be used across all financial instruments along with numerous indicators and patterns to develop trading strategies. They are easy to understand, convenient to use and enable efficient price interpretation.

Components of a Candlestick

The “timeframe” of a candlestick chart identifies the period of time that each candlestick represents. A 15-minute candlestick chart is composed of candlesticks representing 15-minute increments of data. A candlestick is composed of four components, which are key prices for that specified timeframe). These four components of a candlestick are the prices making the open, high, low and close:

  • The open is the first trade price for the candlestick period. This also marks one end of the body of the candle. 
  • The high is the highest trade price for the candlestick period and is also displayed as a wick, which is a vertical line.
  • The low is the lowest trade price for the candlestick period and also displayed as a wick or tail.
  • The close is the last trade price for the candlestick period and marks the other end of the body.

candlestick body is comprised of the open and close trades. If the open is higher than the close, then the body is colored red. If the open is lower than the close, then the body is colored green. The high and low is represented by the vertical lines above and below the body, also referred to as wicks or tails.

Candlestick Chart Analysis

The Story Behind Each Candle

Each candlestick represents a story in relation to price action. Consider each candlestick like a corner store in the neighborhood that sells fresh bread dynamically priced based on the day’s supply and demand.

Every open the first customer buys the first loaf and then the rest of the customers come do their shopping. Based on supply and demand, someone will pay a high price and someone will pay a low price. At the close of store hours, the last customer to buy a loaf of bread represents the close. If the last loaf sold for less than the first loaf, it indicates that demand has fallen. On the flipside, if the last loaf was sold at a higher price than the first loaf, it indicates demand is good. If customers came in and continues to buy bread at higher prices and the last load sold at the highest price of the day, it would be represented by a candlestick with no upper wick indicating demand was very strong. 

A Broader View

By stringing more candlesticks together, it paints a broader view of the supply and demand for the bread. A week’s worth of store data provides a more thorough gauge of the business. As time goes by, patterns will materialize and repeat themselves. Strategies to anticipate and manage these patterns can be developed to optimize business. This is how candlesticks are used, but instead of bread, it measures the price action of the underlying stock. 

Common Candlestick Patterns

Thanks to history having a habit of repeating itself, a number of time tested common candlestick patterns have been identified. 

Types of Candlestick Patterns

single candle is hard to interpret without context. Context refers to the preceding candles and, in many cases, the following candles. Make sure to always interpret the candle in context. For example, a single hammer candlestick alone can appear identical on two different charts. If the hammer candle forms after four preceding large red candles, then it carries more significance compared to a hammer candle that forms during a “consolidation” of alternating red and green candles. Therefore. common candlestick patterns tend to be composed of two to three consecutive candles. Even single candlesticks need a second candle to confirm the pattern.

Candlestick Patterns For Day Trading

Here’s a guide to some of the more common candlestick patterns to help you interpret price action as you develop trading strategies. Keep in mind that being told what a candlestick formation typical does and experiencing it firsthand are two different things. Take the information as a guide but always trust your firsthand experience to get an intuitive feel for the patterns.

Hammer candles indicate a potential ‘bottom’ price reversal. Hammers are composed of a smaller body and a tail that is at least two or more times the size of the body. They should be preceded by at least three consecutive lower low (tails) candles. Hammers reflect a capitulation selling climax as the last hold-outs decided to exit their shares in a panic. This may trigger buyers to come back into the stock lifting the price back up very close to or above the opening price.    

Hammer Candles Chart Pattern

Shooting Star candles are the opposite of a hammer, often referred to as an inverted hammer, indicating a potential price ‘top’. These form when buyers lose patience and chase an entry at any price they can get. This is illustrated by the long wick above a small body, which should be at least double the size of the body. Shooting star candles should be preceded by at least three consecutive higher high candles. While these are single candlesticks, they are only truly confirmed by the preceding candles and the following candlestick. 

Shooting Star Candles Chart Pattern

Doji candles are indicate indecision, either a price reversal or next leg is coming. They are composed of a flat body with long tails and wicks. The opening price is the same as the closing price. This sets the ‘line in the sand’ which the following candle will either close above or below to determine the direction of the price move. Doji candles can be bullish or bearish.

Doji Candles Chart Pattern

Engulfing candles are two-candlestick patterns that indicate a powerful price reversal. The preceding candlestick gets completely engulfed by the following candle. The body of the candle completely covers the whole range of the prior candle in the opposite direction with no tails or wicks. A bullish engulfing pattern forms at the bottom of a downtrend when the candle body completely engulfs the prior red candle including the highs and lows. A bearish engulf candle is the opposite as it forms at the top of the trend with a red candle body that completely swallows the high and low range of the prior green candle.

Engulfing Candles Chart Pattern

Harami candles are similar to engulfing candles but a smaller body forms after a large body candlestick to indicate a price reversal. This is also referring to as a “pregnant” woman two-candle pattern (harami is Japanese term for pregnant) as the smaller body candle forms within the range of the prior large candle. A bearish harami candle pattern forms at the bottom of a downtrend indicated by a smaller body candlestick that is contained within the prior low candle stock. The tail and wick should completely be contained within the range of the prior low candlestick. The bullish harami is the opposite version that forms at the top of a trend producing a smaller lower high candlestick contained with the body of the prior high candlestick.

Harami Candles Chart Pattern

Consider making Candlestick patterns an essential component of your trading system. As with all trading tools, attain firsthand knowledge and experience by tracking and following them on a regular basis so you can spot them quickly. Candlesticks are building blocks for technical analysis and strategy development. Familiarity is the crucial first step. 

How To Read Candlestick Charts